1Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
3Science and Research Centre Koper, Institute for Kinesiology Research, Koper, Slovenia
4Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Four-week whole-body vibration training and its effects on strength, power and sprint performance in young basketball players - a randomized control trial
We aimed to investigate whether the addition of whole-body vibration (WBV) to resistance training (RT) will be more beneficial in improving lower limbs muscle strength, power and sprinting performance than RT alone in young basketball players. We recruited 30 young basketball players to participate in four weeks of training and assessments. They were randomized into the WBV resistance training group (VRTG, n=15) and a conventional resistance training group (RTG, n=15), performed 3 times per week. At the beginning and end of the four weeks a back squat one-repetition maximum (1RMBS), Countermovement jump (CMJ), Squat jump (SJ), 10 meters (10m) and 20 meters sprint (20m) were performed. We found that: a) VRTG when added to RT can induce greater improvements in 1RMBS (percentage difference [PD], 8.4%, p < 0.001), CMJ (PD = 4.7%, p = 0.001) and SJ (PD = 1.6, p = 0.02) than RT alone. In contrary, significant time*group interactions were found for sprint times at 10m (p=0.08, F=3.2) and 20m (p=0.17, F=1.93). An additional 4-week WBV resistance training program proved effective in improving lower limb power and strength in young basketball players. When performed on a vibration platform (with accurate and constant vibration stimulus parameters), the resistance exercises were superior to their conventional forms and resulted in additional gains on measures of muscle power and strength, while sprint performance remained unchanged.
vibration training, countermovement jump, squat jump, barbell squat, neuromuscular performance, conditioning, muscle strength, athletic performance
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