Lale Pooryamanesh1, Miran Kondrič2,3, Petra Rajković Vuletić4, Mateo Blažević4, Hassan Daneshmandi1

1University of Guilan, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, Khalij-e-Fars Highway, Qazvin Rasht, Rasht, Guilan, Iran
2University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Gortanova ulica 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3International Table Tennis Federation, Lausanne, Avenue de Rhodanie 54, 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland
4University of Split, Faculty of Kinesiology, Teslina 6, 21000 Split, Croatia

Static alignment of the upper limb and performance of athletes with spinal cord injuries

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2024, 13(1), 81-85 | DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.240310


and repeating specific movement patterns, significant structural changes occur in their upper limbs. Those changes lead to muscle imbalance and disorders in the shoulder girdle and upper limb. Investigation of the relationship between forward head angle, round shoulder, and kyphosis with physical capabilities (power, range of motion, wheelchair propulsion and sitting balance) in wheelchair athletes. 15 male and 13 female wheelchair athletes with Spinal cord injury (age 27.64±7.24) in basketball, pétanque and table tennis were selected. The sagittal view photogrammetry method was used to measure the forward head angle and round shoulder angle. A flexible ruler was used to measure the thoracic kyphosis angle. Additionally, a medicine ball throw to measure power, a goniometer to estimate the range of motion, a 20-meter propulsion test to measure propulsion speed, and a sitting balance test to measure balance were used. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression were applied to analyse the data at the 0.05 significance level. There was only a significant relationship between the round shoulder with the balance in three directions and throwing the ball. However, in other variables, there is no significant relationship with static alignment. Despite the slight difference in the investigated indicators in this study, it is important from a clinical point of view. For coaches, including the necessary preventive and corrective measures in athlete’s training programs is better.


Disability, spinal cord injury, correlation, elite athletes

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