Mladen J. Mikić1,2, Igor Vuckovic3, Nikola Andrić1,2, Tatjana Jezdimirovic-Stojanovic1,2, Laslo Ratgeber4, Marko DM. Stojanović1,2

1Training Expertise Lab, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
2Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
3University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary

Influence of Pre-Shooting Activity on Three-Points Jump Shot Parameters Between Junior and Senior Regional Level Basketball Players

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2024, 13(1), 5-10 | DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.240301


The aims of this study were: 1. to investigate the influence of pre-shooting activity on the three-point jump shot entry angle and release time in regional level basketball players; 2. to examine age related differences in these parameters between juniors and seniors. Thirty three perimeter players , were assigned to juniors (n=16, age=17.34±0.54 years; height=191.3±8.18 cm; weight= 77.08±7.41 training experience=6.75±2.30 years) and seniors (n=17, age=22.79±4.47 years; height =194.4±7.47 cm; weight= 80.42±7.45d; training experience= 12.18±3.17 years) had three sets of 5 shots, with a different preparatory phase for every set: 1. spot shot, 2. after two forward steps, or 3. after one dribble. Only successful shots (n= 233) were analyzed. The difference between groups was determined with ANOVA, while the differences in shot accuracy were determined by the chi-square test. Study results reported no statistically significant differences in entry angle and release time for 3 different pre-shooting patterns. Seniors had significantly higher shooting accuracy (X2=3.097; p=0.048, φ=-0.089) higher entry angle (p < 0.001) and lower release time (p < 0.001) than juniors for all successful shots combined, and significantly higher (p < 0.001) entry angle for every set independently. Significant difference in shooting accuracy with medium effect size (X2= 6.645; p=0.010, φ=-0.20) was observed in shots after movement. Seniors had statistically lower release time for set 1 (p=0.004) and 2 (p=0.002) independently. Age-related group differences in shooting parameters should be considered to optimize training prescription for basketball players.


entry angle; shot release time; basketball shot; shooting accuracy; 94Fifty®

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