Peter Šagát1, Peter Bartík1, Ibrahim AlJasser2, Denisa Kamenářová3, Ladislav Pyšný3, Jiří Suchý4, Jana Pyšná3

1GSD – Health and Physical Education Department, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
2Mathematics and Sciences Dep., Prince Sultan University, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education, J.E. Purkyne University in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
4Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Effect of Deep Stabilization System Training on the Shot Velocity in Professional Female Handball Players: Cross-sectional Study

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2023, 12(2), 69-76 | DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.230910


The muscles of the deep stabilization system (DSS) affect spinal stabilization, and correct muscular coordination as a prerequisite for a centered position of the joints with optimal biomechanics of movement. Its stimulation by special exercises might lead to better performance in sports. The study verifies the effect of an 8-week intervention to activate DSS on the shot speed in a group of 15 adult elite female handball players. 30 participants were distributed to either the Control group (CG) or the Experimental group (EG). The EG involved special blocks with exercises activating DSS included in regular handball training. The CG involved only casual training. Input and output measurements included shot velocity assessment from various positions with a Stalker Sports Radar Gun. Mann-Whitney U-test was utilized for the statistical analysis with a 0.05 level of significance. The experiment showed a significant speed increase for all three tested throws. Speed increased by 3.82% for a one-handed overhead shot from the ground from a distance of 7m (free throw), 2.23% for a one-handed overhead shot from the ground after a run-up from a distance of 9m, and 2.23% for a one-handed overhead shot from a jump from a distance of 9 m by 2.38%. Specific activation exercises of DSS of the spine led to increased shot speed in handball.


Handball, Shot velocity, Deep stabilization system of the spine, performance, core

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