Denizhan Türkmen1, Erkan Günay2, Çağdaş Güdücü3, Adile Öniz4, Cem Ş. Bediz5

1Institute of Health Science, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey
3Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biophysics, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
4Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
5Faculty of Medicine, University of Kyrenia, Kyrenia, Cyprus

Effect of Post-Warm-Up Three Different Duration Self-Selected Active Rests on 100 Meter Swimming Performance: Preliminary Findings

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2022, 11(2), 57-64 | DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.220907


The question of when the optimal effect of warm-up is reached after the warm-up phase in swimming compe- titions is still not fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to see how self-selected active rest in three dif- ferent duration periods affected 100-m maximum swimming performance. Eight well-trained elite swimmers (6 males and 2 females, mean age: 17.2 ± 3, mean 616 FINA points) were included in the study. After the participants completed a standard warm-up consisting of dryland-based dynamic warm-up (10-min) and in-water warm-up protocols (1200-m / ~25-min) in 3 different sessions, they observed different transition phase periods (15, 30 and 45-min) with standard clothes in their maximum heart rate of 30% and self-selected movement forms (stretching, walking, etc.) completed by active rest. Subsequently, swimmers carried out the 100-m maximum time-trial swim test using their main stroke. Tympanic temperature (Ttympanic), forehead temperature (Tforehead), heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and maximal 100-m-time-trial (TT) were recorded during all sessions. Measurements were evaluated in repeated measures ANOVA. Delta (Δ) calculation was used to score changes and strengthen the analysis. The 100-m time-trial demonstrated a trend of improvement in 30-min active rest (p=0.037). In addition, there was no difference between rest times in Tforehead, Ttympanic, HR, and RPE conditions (p>0.05). The 30-min active rest interval improved 100-m swimming performance by 1.6% and 0.8% compared to 15-min and 45-min active rest. The positive effect of pool warm-up can be maintained for up to 30 minutes with self-paced active rest.


Active Rest, Thermoregulation, Sprint Swimming Performance, Thermal Imaging

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