Luis Branquinho1,2, Ricardo Ferraz1,2,3, Pedro Duarte Mendes4,5, João Petricia4,5, João Serrano4,5, Mário C. Marques1,2
1University of Beira Interior, Department of Sport Sciences, Covilhã, Portugal
2Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal
3Football Association of Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal
4Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Department of Sport and Well Being, Castelo Branco, Portugal
5Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Sport, Health & Exercise Research Unit, Castelo Branco, Portugal
The Effect of an In-Season 8-Week Plyometric Training Programme Followed By a Detraining Period on Explosive Skills in Competitive Junior Soccer Players
Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2020, 9(1), 33-40 | DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.200305
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an eight-week plyometric training and resistance programme, on different motor abilities, kicking speeds, and individual techniques in competitive junior soccer players. A training programme was applied for eight weeks and was composed of countermovement jump, countermovement onto a box, sprints, and sprints with change of direction. The players were evaluated in three moments: before the start of the training programme, after the application of the training programme, and after four weeks of detraining. The applied tests were: countermovement jump, speed dribbling, 30-meter sprint, kicking speed, and a Yo-Yo recovery intermittent recovery test Level 2 (Yo-Yo IE2). The results showed statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in sprint performance, countermovement jump, Yo-yo IE 2, and speed dribbling. The maximum velocity of the ball did not present statistically significant differences (p > 0.05). In addition, these results indicate that general performance may not be sensitive to four weeks of detraining in the trained soccer players. These results demonstrate that the combination of soccer drills and specific power training with no additional training time in-season optimizes some general and soccer-specific performance.
explosive actions, soccer, young soccer players
View full article
(PDF – 105KB)
Barnes, K. R., & Kilding, A. E. (2015). Strategies to improve running economy. Sports medicine 45(1), 37-56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0246-y
Chtara, M., Rouissi, M., Haddad, M., Chtara, H., Chaalali, A., Owen, A., & Chamari, K. (2017). Specific physical trainability in elite young soccer players: efficiency over 6 weeks’ in-season training. Biology of sport, 34(2), 137-148. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2017.64587
de Hoyo, M., Pozzo, M., Sañudo, B., Carrasco, L., Gonzalo-Skok, O., Domínguez-Cobo, S., & Morán-Camacho, E. (2015). Effects of a 10-Week In-Season Eccentric-Overload Training Program on Muscle-Injury Prevention and Performance in Junior Elite Soccer Players. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 10(1), 46-52. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0547
Diallo, O., Dore, E., Duche, P., & Van Praagh, E. (2001). Effects of plyometric training followed by a reduced training programme on physical performance in prepubescent soccer players. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 41(3), 342-348.
Ferraz, R. M. P., van den Tillaar, R., Pereira, A., & Marques, M. C. (in Press). The effect of fatigue and duration knowledge of exercise on kicking performance in soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.02.001
Ferraz, R., van den Tillar, R., & Marques, M. C. (2017). The influence of different exercise intensities on kicking accuracy and velocity in soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 6(4), 462-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2015.10.001
Fry, A. C., Kraemer, W. J., Weseman, C. A., Conroy, B. P., Gordon, S. E., Hoffman, J. R., & Maresh, C. M. (1991). The Effects of an Off-season Strength and Conditioning Program on Starters and Non-starters in Women’s Intercollegiate Volleyball. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 5(4), 174-181.
Hakkinen, K., Alen, M., & Komi, P. V. (1985). Changes in isometric force- and relaxation-time, electromyographic and muscle fibre characteristics of human skeletal muscle during strength training and detraining. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, 125(4), 573-585. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07760.x
Izquierdo, M., Ibanez, J., Gonzalez-Badillo, J. J., Ratamess, N. A., Kraemer, W. J., Hakkinen, K., . . . Gorostiaga, E. M. (2007). Detraining and tapering effects on hormonal responses and strength performance. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 21(3), 768-775. https://doi.org/10.1519/r-21136.1
Joo, C. H. (2016). The effects of short-term detraining on exercise performance in soccer players. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 12(1), 54-59. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.160280
Komi, P. (2008). Strength and power in sport. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Kotzamanidis, C., Chatzopoulos, D., Michailidis, C., Papaiakovou, G., & Patikas, D. (2005). The effect of a combined high-intensity strength and speed training program on the running and jumping ability of soccer players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19(2), 369-375.
Kraemer, W. J., Koziris, L. P., Ratamess, N. A., HÄkkinen, K., Triplett-mcbride, N. T., Fry, A. C., . . . Rubin, M. R. (2002). Detraining produces minimal changes in physical performance and hormonal variables in recreationally strength-trained men. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 16(3), 373-382.
Markovic, G., & Mikulic, P. (2010). Neuro-musculoskeletal and performance adaptations to lower-extremity plyometric training. Sports Medicine, 40(10), 859-895. https://doi.org/10.2165/11318370-000000000-00000
Markovic, G., Jukic, I., Milanovic, D., & Metikos, D. (2007). Effects of sprint and plyometric training on muscle function and athletic performance. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 21(2), 543-549. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-19535.1
Marques, M. C., van den Tillaar, R., Vescovi, J. D., & González-Badillo, J. J. (2008). Changes in strength and power performance in elite senior female professional volleyball players during the in-season: a case study. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(4), 1147-1155. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a42d0
Marques, M., & González-Badillo, J. (2006). In-season resistance training and detraining in professional team handball players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 20(3), 563-571.
Morin, J.-B., Bourdin, M., Edouard, P., Peyrot, N., Samozino, P., & Lacour, J.-R. (2012). Mechanical determinants of 100-m sprint running performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112(11), 3921-3930. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-012-2379-8
Mujika, I., & Padilla, S. (2000). Detraining: loss of training-induced physiological and performance adaptations. Part I. Sports Medicine, 30(2), 79-87.
Nakamura, D., Suzuki, T., Yasumatsu, M., & Akimoto, T. (2012). Moderate running and plyometric training during off-season did not show a significant difference on soccer-related high-intensity performances compared with no-training controls. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 26(12), 3392-3397. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182474356
Potteiger, J. A., Lockwood, R. H., Haub, M. D., Dolezal, B. A., Almuzaini, K. S., Schroeder, J. M., & Zebas, C. J. (1999). Muscle power and fiber characteristics following 8 weeks of plyometric training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 13, 275-279.
Ramirez-Campillo, R., Meylan, C., Alvarez, C., Henriquez-Olguin, C., Martinez, C., Canas-Jamett, R., . . . Izquierdo, M. (2014). Effects of in-season low-volume high-intensity plyometric training on explosive actions and endurance of young soccer players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 28(5), 1335-1342. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000000284
Rampinini, E., Sassi, A., Azzalin, A., Castagna, C., Menaspa, P., Carlomagno, D., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2010). Physiological determinants of Yo-Yo intermittent recovery tests in male soccer players. European journal of applied physiology, 108(2), 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1221-4
Rodriguez-Rosell, D., Franco-Marquez, F., Pareja-Blanco, F., Mora-Custodio, R., Yanez-Garcia, J. M., Gonzalez-Suarez, J. M., & Gonzalez-Badillo, J. J. (2016). Effects of 6 Weeks Resistance Training Combined With Plyometric and Speed Exercises on Physical Performance of Pre-Peak-Height-Velocity Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Physiology Performance, 11(2), 240-246. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0176
Sáez de Villarreal, E., Requena, B., & Cronin, J. B. (2012). The Effects of Plyometric Training on Sprint Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(2), 575-584. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318220fd03
Thomas, K., French, D., & Hayes, P. R. (2009). The effect of two plyometric training techniques on muscular power and agility in youth soccer players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 23(1), 332-335. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318183a01a
van den Tillaar, R., Lerberg, E., & von Heimburg, E. (in Press). Comparison of three types of warm-up upon sprint ability in experienced soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.05.006
Wilson, G. J., Newton, R. U., Murphy, A. J., & Humphries, B. J. (1993). The optimal training load for the development of dynamic athletic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 25(11), 1279-1286.
Wong, P.-l., Chamari, K., & Wisløff, U. (2010). Effects of 12-Week On-Field Combined Strength and Power Training on Physical Performance Among U-14 Young Soccer Players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(3), 644-652. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ad3349