Ali Reza Amani1, Hassan Sadeghi2, Taher Afsharnezhad1

1Shomal University, Sport Science Faculty, Amol, Iran
2University Putra Malaysia, Department of Sport Studies, Selangor, Malaysia

Interval Training with Blood Flow Restriction on Aerobic Performance among Young Soccer Players at Transition Phase

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2018, 7(2), 5-10 | DOI: 10.26773/mjssm.180901


The purpose of current study is investigating effect of Blood Flow Restriction Interval Training on aerobic performance among young football players during transition phase of periodization. Twenty eight young male football players were recruited in this study. Subjects were randomly divided into three groups: control, Normal Interval without Kaatsu, and Interval with Kaatsu. Exercise protocol was based on aerobic interval at 400 meters with maximum effort for 3 sets in per sessions (First week) and 4 set (Second week). The results shown that there is a significant difference in aerobic power between groups p<0.05. Post hoc comparisons indicated that the mean of aerobic power was significantly different between all three groups. It has been shown, there is a significant difference in rate of perceived exertion between groups at the p<0.05. Post hoc comparisons indicated that the mean of RPE was significantly different between groups. This study has been shown that aerobic power and RPE was improved by both normal and BFR interval method. We also found that there is not significantly difference in NIWK and IWK group at rate of perceived exertion. This results may be explained by reducing intensity of exercise by subjects during exercise with BFR in cause of pain in their legs during exercise. The result of current study suggest that Intermediate-intensity, interval training with BFR improves aerobic capacity and RPE concurrently in young football players and prevent decline of VO2max at result of retraining at transition phase.


Aerobic Power, Maximum Oxygen Uptake, Blood Flow Restriction Training, Interval Training

View full article
(PDF – 363KB)


Abe, T., Sakamaki, M., Fujita, S., Ozaki, H., Sugaya, M., Sato, Y., & Nakajima, T. (2010). Effects of Low‐Intensity Walk Training With Restricted Leg Blood Flow on Muscle Strength and Aerobic Capacity in Older Adults. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 33(1), 34-40.

Bangsbo, J. (2003). Physiology of training. Science and soccer, 2, 47-58.

Behi, A., Fahey, T. D., Afsharnezhad, T., & Amani, A. R. (2017). Effect of High Intensity Interval Training with Blood Restriction on Anaerobic Performance. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 6(2), 45-52.

Benson, R., & Connolly, D. (2011). Heart rate training: Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Ciolac, E. G., Mantuani, S. S., Neiva, C. M., Verardi, C. E. L., Pêssoa-Filho, D. M., & Pimenta, L. (2015). Rating of perceived exertion as a tool for prescribing and self regulating interval training: a pilot study. Biology of sport, 32(2), 103.

Clemente, F. M., Couceiro, M. S., Martins, L., Manuel, F., Ivanova, M. O., & Mendes, R. (2013). Activity profiles of soccer players during the 2010 world cup. Journal of Human Kinetics, 38, 201-211.

Cook, S. B., Clark, B. C., & Ploutz-Snyder, L. L. (2007). Effects of Exercise Load and Blood-Flow Restriction on Skeletal Muscle Function. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 39(10), 1708-1713.

Evans, C., Vance, S., & Brown, M. (2010). Short-term resistance training with blood flow restriction enhances microvascular filtration capacity of human calf muscles. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(9), 999-1007.

Gibala, M. J., Little, J. P., Van Essen, M., Wilkin, G. P., Burgomaster, K. A., Safdar, A., . . . Tarnopolsky, M. A. (2006). Short‐term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. The Journal of physiology, 575(3), 901-911.

Gilman, M. B. (1996). The use of heart rate to monitor the intensity of endurance training. Sports Medicine, 21(2), 73-79.

Helgerud, J., Engen, L. C., Wisløff, U., & Hoff, J. (2001). Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 33(11), 1925-1931.

Helgerud, J., Høydal, K., Wang, E., Karlsen, T., Berg, P., Bjerkaas, M., . . . Bach, R. (2007). Aerobic high-intensity intervals improve V O2max more than moderate training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 39(4), 665-671.

Kenney, W. L., Wilmore, J., & Costill, D. (2015). Physiology of Sport and Exercise 6th Edition: Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Kirkendall, D. T., & Garrett, W. E. (1998). The effects of aging and training on skeletal muscle. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 26(4), 598-602.

Loenneke, J. P., Wilson, G. J., & Wilson, J. M. (2010). A Mechanistic Approach to Blood Flow Occlusion. Int J Sports Med, 31(01), 1-4.

Meyer, T., Georg, T., Becker, C., & Kindermann, W. (2001). Reliability of gas exchange measurements from two different spiroergometry systems. International journal of sports medicine, 22(08), 593-597.

Ozaki, H., Sakamaki, M., Yasuda, T., Fujita, S., Ogasawara, R., Sugaya, M., . . . Abe, T. (2010). Increases in thigh muscle volume and strength by walk training with leg blood flow reduction in older participants. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences, 66(3), 257-263.

Park, S., Kim, J. K., Choi, H. M., Kim, H. G., Beekley, M. D., & Nho, H. (2010). Increase in maximal oxygen uptake following 2-week walk training with blood flow occlusion in athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(4), 591-600.

Patterson, S. D., & Ferguson, R. A. (2010). Increase in calf post-occlusive blood flow and strength following short-term resistance exercise training with blood flow restriction in young women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108(5), 1025-1033.

Presta, M., Dell’Era, P., Mitola, S., Moroni, E., Ronca, R., & Rusnati, M. (2005). Fibroblast growth factor/fibroblast growth factor receptor system in angiogenesis. Cytokine & growth factor reviews, 16(2), 159-178.

Rivera-Brown, A. M., & Frontera, W. R. (2012). Principles of exercise physiology: responses to acute exercise and long-term adaptations to training. PM&R, 4(11), 797-804.

Sarma, S., & Levine, B. D. (2016). Beyond the Bruce Protocol. Cardiology clinics, 34(4), 603-608.

Scherr, J., Wolfarth, B., Christle, J. W., Pressler, A., Wagenpfeil, S., & Halle, M. (2013). Associations between Borg’s rating of perceived exertion and physiological measures of exercise intensity. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(1), 147-155.

Scott, B. R., Loenneke, J. P., Slattery, K. M., & Dascombe, B. J. (2015). Exercise with blood flow restriction: an updated evidence-based approach for enhanced muscular development. Sports Medicine, 45(3), 313-325.

Shepley, B., MacDougall, J. D., Cipriano, N., Sutton, J. R., Tarnopolsky, M. A., & Coates, G. (1992). Physiological effects of tapering in highly trained athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology, 72(2), 706-711.

Weston, A. R., Myburgh, K. H., Lindsay, F. H., Dennis, S. C., Noakes, T. D., & Hawley, J. A. (1996). Skeletal muscle buffering capacity and endurance performance after high-intensity interval training by well-trained cyclists. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology, 75(1), 7-13.