1University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Nikšić, Montenegro
Comparison of Instep Kicking Between Preferred and Non-Preferred Leg in Young Football Players
Poređenje udaraca unutrašnjom stranom hrpta stopala između protežirane i neprotežirane noge kod mladih fudbalera
Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2013, 2(1), 5-10
This research was aimed at gaining relevant knowledge about important differences with respect to compare accuracy of instep kicking between preferred and non-preferred leg depending on the different intensity (optimal and maximal) in a resting state, and in a state of fatigue. The sample included 20 respondents whose characteristics were age (yrs) 16.7±0.47, height (cm) 178.91±4.26, and body weight (kg) 71.52±5.13. The sample of variables contained eight measures that defined accuracy of instep kicking by preferred and non-preferred leg in various occasions: with optimal and maximal intensities and in a resting state and a state of fatigue respectively. The results of the measuring were analyzed by means of a statistical procedure labeled a significance test of two arithmetic means conducted on independent samples or popularly known a t-test. In comparison of accuracy between preferred and non-preferred leg in a resting state with optimal and maximal intensity, as it was expected there were significant differences as well as in a state of fatigue with optimal intensity, all in favor of preferred leg. While the football instep kicking significant differences between preferred and non-preferred leg in a state of fatigue with maximal intensity were not noticable. The current findings clearly demonstrated that the young football players have much more uniformed legs at the expense of accuracy when fatigued and kick the ball with the maximal intensity. It means a state of fatigue can affect the tested accuracy of instep kicking with the maximal intensity.
laterality, soccer, intensity, resting state, state of fatigue
Cilj ovog istraživanja je dobijanje relevantnih znanja o značajnim razlikama kada je u pitanju poređenje udaraca unutrašnjom stranom hrpta stopala protežiranom i neprotežiranom nogom u zavisnosti od stanja zamora i intenziteta rada mladih fudbalera. Uzorak ispitanika je obuhvatio 20 ispitanika čije su karakteristike bile sljedeće: godine (god) 16.7±0.47, visina (cm) 178.91±4.26, i težina (kg) 71.52±5.13. Uzorak varijabli je sadržao osam varijabli koje su definisale tačnost udaraca unutrašnjom stranom hrpta stopala protežiranom i neprotežiranom nogom u različitim uslovima: optimalnim i maksimalnim intenzitetom, i u odmornom stanju i u stanju zamora, naizmjenično. Razlike u tačnosti udaraca unutrašnjom stranom hrpta stopala između protežiranje i neprotežirane noge u odmornom stanju sa optimalnim i maksimalnim intenzitetom, kao i u zamorenom stanju sa optimalnim intenzitetom su se, kao što je i očekivano, pokazale statistički značajne. Dok značajne razlike nisu primijećene kod tačnosti udaraca unutrašnjom stranom hrpta stopala između protežiranje i neprotežirane noge u zamorenom stanju sa maksimalnim intenzitetom. Navedena saznanja jasno ukazuju da mladi fudbaleri imaju mnogo jasnije uniformisana stopala na štetu tačnosti kada u zamorenom stanju udaraju po lopti sa maksimalnim intenzitetom. Dakle, trebalo bi zaključiti da stanje zamora utiče na testiranu tačnost udaraca unutrašnjom stranom hrpta stopala između protežiranje i neprotežirane noge sa maksimalnim intenzitetom.
lateralnost, fudbal, intenzitet, odmorno stanje, stanje zamora
1. SADEGHI H, SADEGHI S, ALLARD P, LABELLE H, DUHAIME M, Lower limb muscle power relationships in bilateral able-bodied gait. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 80(11) (2001) 821. – 2. RAHNAMA N, LEES A, BAMBAECICHI E, Comparison of muscle strength and flexibility between the preferred and non-preferred leg in English soccer players. Ergonomics, 48(11-14) (2005) 1568. – 3. GRACE TG, SWEETSER ER, NELSON MA, YDENS LR, SKIPPER BJ, Isokinetic muscle imbalance and knee-joint injuries. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 66(5) (1984) 734. – 4. MAUPAS E, PAYSANT J, DATIE A, MARTINET N, ANDRE J, Functional asymmetries of the lower limbs. A comparison between clinical assessment of laterality, isokinetic evaluation and electrogoniometric monitoring of knees during walking. Gait and Posture, 16(3) (2002) 304. – 5. CAPRANICA L, CAMA G, TESSITORE A, FIGURA F, Force and power of preferred and nonpreferred leg in young soccer players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 32(4) (1992) 358. 6. - BJELICA D, GEORGIEV G, POPOVIĆ S, Comparison of instep kicking beetwen preferred and non-preferred leg in young football players. In: Book of Abstract (1st International Conference in Science and Football, Scuola dello Sport CONI Sicilia, Palermo, 2011). – 7. MCLEAN BD, TUMILTY DM, Left-right asymmetry in two types of soccer kick. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(4) (1993) 260. – 8. CAREY DP, SMITH G, SMITH DT, SHEPHERD JW, SKRIVER J, ORD L, RUTLAND A, Footedness in world soccer: an analysis of France ’98. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19 (2001) 855. – 9. KEARNS CF, ISOKAWA M, ABE T, Architectural characteristics of dominant leg muscles in junior soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85(3-4) (2001) 240. – 10. DORGE HC, ANDERSEN TB, SORENSEN H, SIMONSEN EB, Biomechanical differences in soccer kicking with the preferred and the non-preferred leg. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20 (2002) 293. – 11. ROSS S, GUSKIEWICZ KM, PRENTICE W, SCHNEIDER R, YU B, Comparison of biomechanical factors between the kicking and stance limbs. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 13(2) (2004) 135. – 12. NUNOME H, IKEGAMI Y, KOZAKAI R, APRIANTONO T, SANO S, Segmental dynamics of soccer instep kick with the preferred and non-preferred leg. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24, (2006) 529. – 13. SAMADI H, RAJABI R, MINOONEJAD H, AGHAIARI A, Asymmetries in flexibility, balance and power associated with preferred and non-preferred leg. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 2(1) (2009) 38. – 14. GSTÖTTNER M, NEHER A, SCHOLTZ A, MILLONIG M, LEMBERT S, RASCHNER C, Balance ability and muscle response of the preferred and nonpreferred leg in soccer players. Motor Control, 13(2) (2009) 218. – 15. BJELICA, D, The main components of football kicking accuracy. In Montenegrin. (Montenegrin Sports Academy, Podgorica, 2008). – 16. RITZER G, RYAN JM, The concise encyclopedia of sociology (Wiley-Blackwell, Malden, 2011). – 17. KRAMER JF, BALSOR BE, Lower extremity preference and knee extensor torques in intercollegiate soccer players. Canadian journal of sport sciences, 15(3) (1990) 180. – 18. SMITH J, BALL K, MACMAHON C, Foot to ball interaction in preferred and non-preferred leg Australian rules kicking. In: Proceeding (XXVII International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, 2009). – 19. BUBANJ S, STANKOVIĆ R, JOKSIMOVIĆ S, BUBANJ R, JOKSIMOVIĆ S, KOZOMARA G, EFTHIMIADIS P, Kinematics of accurate inside of foot kick. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 16(1-2) (2010) 75. – 20. GODIK M, FALES I, BLASHAK I, Changing the kicking accuracy of soccer players depending on the type, value and aims of training and competitive loads. In: Reilly T, Clarys J, Stibbe A (Eds) Science and Soccer (E&FN Spon, London, 1993). – 21. LEES A, NOLAN L, The biomechanics of soccer: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 16(3) (1998) 211. – 22. TEIXEIRA L, Kinematics of kicking as a function of different sources of constraint on accuracy. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 88(3Pt1) (1999) 785. – 23. OSTOJIĆ S, Characteristics of elite and non-elite Yugoslav soccer players: Correlates of success. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2 (2003) 34. – 24. MASUDA K, KIKUHARA N, DEMURA S, KATSUTA S, YAMANAKA K, Relationship between muscle strength in various isokinetic movements and kick performance among soccer players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 45(1) (2005) 44. – 25. COMMETTI G, MAFFIULETTI NA, POUSSON M, CHATARD JC, MAFFULLI N, Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 22(1) (2001) 45. – 26. DAVIDS K, LEES A, BURWITZ L, Understanding and measuring coordination and control in kicking skills in soccer: implications for talent identification and skill acquisition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(9) (2000) 703.
Cite this article as:
Bjelica, D., Popović, S., & Petković, J. (2013). Comparison of Instep Kicking Between Preferred and Non-Preferred Leg in Young Football Players. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2(1), 5-10.
This page has been
visited 23 times
This article has been
downloaded 3 times
Copyright (c)2012-2017 Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. All rights reserved. Design and development by Boris Sundic.