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Miroslav Kezunovic1

1University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Nikšić, Montenegro

Overuse Knee Injuries in Athletes

Prenaprezanja u području koljena kod sportista

Abstract (ENG)

According to many statistics over 55% of all sports-related injuries are incurred in the knee joint (active sportsmen and recreationists). The statistics definitely differ, depending on type of sport and specific movements habitually performed in a particular sport. Therefore, in addition to acute knee injuries overuse syndromes are common in the knee area also due to specificities of patellofemoral joint just because specific diseases like „jumper's knee“ and „runner's knee“ are related to certain sport activities. Generally speaking, these syndromes occur due to poor orientation of the knee extensor mechanism, i.e. friction of iliotibial band and patellofemoral chondromalacia. It is believed that about 45% of all overuse syndromes in the knee area occur as a result of running.

Keywords (ENG)

Knee, Overuse, Sport

Abstract (MNE)

Više od polovine svih sportskih povreda (preko 55%), kako kod aktivnih sportista, tako i kod rekreativaca, dešava se na koljenom zglobu. Taj broj svakako varira obzirom na vrstu sporta i specifičnost pokreta koji se u određenom sportu izvode. Pored akutnih povreda koljena, česti su i sindromi prenaprezanja. To se objašnjava specifičnostima patelofemoralnog zgloba. U vezi sa nekim specifičnim sportskim aktivnostima dešavaju se specifična oboljenja kao što su „skakačko koljeno“ i „trkačko koljeno“. Uopšte gledajući ovi sindromi nastaju zbog lošeg usmjerenja ekstenzornog aparata koljena, odnosno trenja iliotibijalnog traktusa i patelofemoralne hondromalacije. Smatra se da oko 45% svih sindroma prenaprezanja u području koljena nastaje kao posljedica trčanja.

Keywords (MNE)

koljeno, prenaprezanje, sport


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