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Aleksandar Cvorovic1

1University of Niš, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Niš, Serbia

The Influence of Basketball on the Asymmetry in the Use of Limbs

Uticaj košarke na neujednačenu upotrebu ekstremiteta

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2012, 1(1), 15-19

Abstract (ENG)

The purpose of this study was to determine how basketball affects the uneven use of the limbs in relation to non-basketball population. Participants were compared by multiple motoric and situational tests, and for each participant tested the relationship between all limbs, both upper and lower. Before the motoric and situational tests participants completed a questionnaire on preference in limb use in everyday life and during sports activities. Participants belong to two groups, one group of young players with the rank of at least four years experience in basketball training, while the second group consists of members of the healthy school population, but with no experience in the continuous training of basketball. The study tested the explosive power of the lower and upper limbs, and the reaction time and agility in the lower limbs. Statistical analysis of results showed significant differences in certain tests between groups and within groups, both among the upper and lower extremities. It can be concluded that basketball as a specific sporting activity has positive influence on the development of the tested variables, while the level of asymmetry at basketball player is less than in the non-basketball population.

Keywords (ENG)

Asymmetry, Basketball, Preferred Limbs, Non-Preferred Limbs

Abstract (MNE)

Svrha sprovedenog istraživanja je bila da se utvrdi kako košarka utiče na neujednačenu upotrebu ekstremiteta u odnosu na ispitanike koji se ne bave košarkom. Učesnici su upoređivani kroz više motoričkih i situacionih testova i kod svih učesnika su testitrani međusobni odnosi kod ekstremiteta, kako kod gornjih tako i kod donjih. Prije sprovodjenja testiranja učesnici su popunjavali upitnik koji se odnosi na preferiranost u upotrebi ekstremiteta u svakodnevnom životu i u okviru sportskih aktivnosti. Učesnici su svrstani u dvije grupe, jednu su činili mladi košarkaši sa najmanje četiri godine kontinuiranog košarkaškog treninga, dok su drugu grupu sačinjavali pripadnici zdrave školske populacije, ali bez iskustva u kontinuiranom košarkaškom treningu. Testovi koji su korišćeni u okviru istraživanje odnose se na eksplozivnu snagu gornjih i donjih ekstremiteta i na agilnost i vrijeme reakcije kod donjih ekstremiteta. Rezultati statističke analize dobijenih podataka su pokazali značajne razlike u pojedinim testovima, kako medju ispitanicima, tako i među grupama i to i kod gornjih i kod donjih ekstremiteta. U zaključku je navedeno da košarka kao specifična sportska aktivnost ima pozitivan uticaj na sve testirane motoričke sposobnosti, a što se tiče nivoa asimetrije među ekstremitetima utvrđeno je da je niži kod košarkaša nego kod vršnjaka koji se ne bave košarkom.

Keywords (MNE)

Asimetrija, Košarka, Preferirani Ekstremiteti, Nepreferirani Ekstremiteti



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