Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2017, 6(1), 45-48
Small-sided games are a specific form of training in which exercise intensity can be manipulated mainly by modifying external factors. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of a number of players during small sided futsal games on metabolic responses and distance covered at elite senior futsal players. Fifteen top level Czech futsal players (males, aged 26.81±5.30; body height = 176.10±4.34 cm; body weight = 71.31±5.30 kg, and peak heart rate=191.23±5.4 beats•min-1) participated in the study. Heart rate, blood lactate concentrations, distance covered, and rate of perceived exertion were monitored during small-sided futsal games. We found significant differences between blood lactate concentration values and perceived exertion; it was significantly higher during 3vs3 and 4vs4 small-sided games than during 6vs6 games. When we compared the distance covered by players, we found significantly higher distance covered during 4vs4 than in 6vs6 games. The results of this study demonstrated that the small-sided games 3vs3 and 4vs4 were valuable tools to develop specific futsal fitness. As the most intensive, the 4-a-side game was found.
Heart Rate, Specificity, Distance Covered, Tactical Metabolic Training.
View full article
(PDF – 92KB)
Aguiar, M., Botelho, G., Lago, C., Maças, V., & Sampaio, J. (2012). A Review on the effects of soccer small-sided games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 33, 103-113.
Bangsbo, J., Iaia, F. M., & Krustrup, P. (2008). The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: A useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Medicine, 38, 37–51.
Bangsbo, J., Mohr, M., & Krustrup, P. (2006). Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite soccer player. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24, 665–674.
Barbero-Alvarez, J. C., D’Ottavio, S., Granda Vera, J., & Castagna, C. (2009). Aerobic fitness in futsal players of different competitive level. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(7), 2163–2166.
Barbero-Alvarez, J. C., Soto, V. M., Barbero-Alvarez, V., & Granda-Vera, J. (2008). Match analysis and heart rate of futsal players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(1), 63–73.
Bishop, D. C., Wright, C. A. (2006). Time-motion analysis of professional basketball to determine the relationship between three activity profiles: high, medium and low intensity and the length of the time spent on court. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 6(1), 130-138.
Castellano, J., & Casamichana, D. (2010). Heart rate and motion analysis by GPS in beach soccer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 9, 98-103.
Da Silva, C. D., Impellizzeri, F. M., Natali, A. J., de Lima, J. R. P., Bara, M. G., Silami-Garcia, E., & Marins, J. C. B. (2011). Exercise intensity and technical demands of small-sided games in young Brazilian soccer players: effect of number of players, maturation, and reliability. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(10), 2746–2751
Dellal, A., Hill-Haas, S., Lago-Penas, C., & Chamari, K. (2011). Small-sided games in soccer: amateur vs. professional players’ physiological responses, physical, and technical activities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2371-2381.
Dogramaci, S. N., Watsford, M. L., & Murphy, A. J. (2011). Time-Motion Analysis of International and National Level Futsal. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(3), 646-665.
Duarte, R., Batalha, N., Folgado, H. and Sampaio, J. (2009). Effects of Exercise Duration and Number of Players in Heart Rate Responses and Technical Skills During Futsal Small-Sided Games. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 2.
Hill-Haas, S., Coutts, A., Rowsell, G., & Dawson, B. (2008). Variability of acute physiological responses and performance profiles of youth soccer players in small-sided games. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 11, 487–490.
Hoff, J., Wisloff, U., Engen, L. C., Kemi, O. J., & Helgerud, J. (2002). Soccer specific aerobic endurance training. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36(3), 218-221.
Hulka, K., Cuberek, R., & Belka, J. (2013). Heart rate and time-motion analysis in top junior players during basketball matches. Acta Universatis Palackienae Olomoucensis. Gymnica, 43(3), 27-35.
Hulka, K., Cuberek, R., & Svoboda, Z. (2014). Time-motion analysis of basketball players: A reliability assessment of Video Manual Motion Tracker 1.0 software. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32, 53–59.
Hulka, K., Weisser, R., & Belka, J. (2016). Effect of the pitch size and presence of goalkeepers on the work load of players during small-sided soccer games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 51, 131-141.
Hulka, K., Weisser, R., Belka, J., & Hap, P. (2016). The influence of different level of opponents on internal responses and external loads during small-sided games in soccer. Acta Gymnica, 45(3), 113–119.
Impellizzeri, F. M., Marcora, S. M., Castagna, C., Reilly, T., Sassi, A., Iaia, F. M., & Rampinini, E. (2006). Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27, 483–492.
Little, T. (2009). Optimizing the use of soccer drills for physiological development. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 31(3), 67-74.
McMillan, K., Helgerud, J., Macdonald, R., & Hoff, J. (2005). Physiological adaptations to soccer specific endurance training in professional youth soccer players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39, 273–277.
Rampinini, E., Impellizzeri, F. M., Castagna, C., Abt, G., Chamari, K., Sassi, A., & Marcora, S. M. (2007). Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 659–666.
Randers, M. B., Nielsen, J. J., Bangsbo, J., & Krustrup, P. (2014). Physiological response and activity profile in recreational small-sided football: No effect of the number of players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 24, 130-137.
Reilly, T. (2005). An ergonomics model of the soccer training process. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23, 561–572.
Stolen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., & Wisloff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer: An update. Sports Medicine, 35, 501–536.
Stone, N. M., & Kilding, A. E. (2009). Aerobic conditioning for team sport athletes. Sports Medicine, 39, 615–642.
Tessittore, A., Meeusen, R.,Pagano, R.,Benvenuti, C., Tiberi, M., & Capranica, L. (2008). Effectives of Active versus Passive Recovery Strategies after Futsal Games. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(5), 1402-1412.