Enter your details:
Name:
E-mail:
 
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!


Ante Rađa1, Marko Erceg1, Zoran Grgantov1

1University of Split, Faculty of Kinesiology, Croatia

Inter and Intra Positional Differences in Ball Kicking Between U-16 Croatian Soccer Players

Monten. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2016, 5(2), 11-15

Abstract

The main goal of this research was to determine inter and intra positional differences in ball kicking speed between U-16 Croatian soccer players. 44 young soccer players (15.7 ± 1.5 years) were tested with 8 specific soccer field tests that evaluate kicking velocity by using Pocket radar that was reading the ball velocity in km/h. The tests took place two days in a row; beginning at 8 A.M. Prior to the tests, players warmed up and stretched for 20 minutes (13 minutes of running with and without the ball, 7 minutes of dynamic stretching). Inter positional differences were significant (p ≤ 0.05) between midfielders and defenders in all tests and in one test midfielders scored better than strikers. The fastest kicks were instep kicks when stationary and non-stationary ball was kicked. Shots were taken by midfielders with 106.94±7.07 and 101.61±7.88 km/h respectively. Similar to dominant leg, midfielders also achieved the fastest instep kicks with non-dominant leg (91.44±9.56 km/h). Intra positional differences revealed that soccer kick velocity is one of possible selection tools, because more efficient players in all playing lines shoot faster kicks than less efficient players.

Keywords

Instep kick, Side-foot kick, Kicking velocity



View full article
(PDF – 258KB)

References

Amiri-Khorasani, M., Mohammad-Kazemi, R., Sarafrazi, S., Riyahi-Malayeri, S., & Sotoodeh, V. (2012). Kinematics analyses related to stretch-shortening cycle during soccer instep kicking after different acute stretching. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(11), 3010-3017.

Amiri-Khorasani, M., Osman, N.A.A., & Yusof, A. (2009). Biomechanical responds of instep kick between different positions in professional soccer players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 22, 21-27.

Amiri-Khorasani, M., Osman, N. A. A., & Yusof, A. (2011). Acute effect of static and dynamic stretching on hip dynamic range of motion during instep kicking in professional soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(6), 1647-1652.

Amiri-Khorasani, M., Osman, N. A. A., & Yusof, A. (2011). Biomechanical responses of thigh and lower leg during 10 consecutive soccer instep kicks. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(4), 1177-1181.

Anthrakidis, N., Skoufas, D., Lazaridis, S., & Zaggelidis, G. (2008). Relationship between muscular strength and kicking performance. Physical training, 10(2).

Arpinar-Avsar, P., & Soylu, A. R. (2010). Consistency in acceleration patterns of football players with different skill levels. Journal of sports science & medicine, 9(3), 382.

Asai, T., Carré, M. J., Akatsuka, T., & Haake, S. J. (2002). The curve kick of a football I: impact with the foot. Sports Engineering, 5(4), 183-192.

Bacvarevic, B. B., Pazin, N., Bozic, P. R., Mirkov, D., Kukolj, M., & Jaric, S. (2012). Evaluation of a composite test of kicking performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(7), 1945-1952.

Barfield, W. R., Kirkendall, D. T., & Yu, B. (2001). Kinematic kicking differences between elite female and male soccer players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 33(5), 102- 111

Cometti, G., Maffiuletti, N. A., Pousson, M., Chatard, J. C., & Maffulli, N. (2001). Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. International journal of sports medicine, 22(1), 45-51.

Dörge, H. C., Andersen, T. B., SØrensen, H., & Simonsen, E. B. (2002). Biomechanical differences in soccer kicking with the preferred and the non-preferred leg. Journal of sports sciences, 20(4), 293-299.

Ford, P., Hodges, N.J., Huys, R. & Williams, A.M. (2006) The role of external action-effects in the execution of a soccer kick: a comparison across skill level. Motor Control 10(4), 386-404.

García-Pinillos, F., Martínez-Amat, A., Hita-Contreras, F., Martínez-López, E. J., & Latorre-Román, P. A. (2014). Effects of a contrast training program without external load on vertical jump, kicking speed, sprint, and agility of young soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(9), 2452-2460.

Grgantov, Z., Rađa, A., Erceg, M., Kunundžić, H., & Milić, M. (2013). Relliability of The Tests of Maximal Kicking Performance in Youth Croatian Soccer Players. Global research analysis, 2(9), 75-77.

Katis, A., Giannadakis, E., Kannas, T., Amiridis, I., Kellis, E., & Lees, A. (2013). Mechanisms that influence accuracy of the soccer kick. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 23(1), 125-131.

Lago-Peñas, C., & Lago-Ballesteros, J. (2011). Game location and team quality effects on performance profiles in professional soccer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(3), 465-471.

Lees, A., & Nolan, L. (1998). The biomechanics of soccer: a review. Journal of sports sciences, 16(3), 211-234.

Lees, A., Steward, I., Rahnama, N., & Barton, G. (2009). Lower limb function in the maximal instep kick in soccer. Contemporary Sport, Leisure and Ergonomics. New York: Taylor & Francis, 149-60.

Manolopoulos, E., Papadopoulos, C., & Kellis, E. (2006). Effects of combined strength and kick coordination training on soccer kick biomechanics in amateur players. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 16(2), 102-110.

McLean, B. D., & Tumilty, D. M. (1993). Left-right asymmetry in two types of soccer kick. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(4), 260-262.

Nunome, H., Asai, T., Ikegami, Y., & Sakurai, S. (2002). Three-dimensional kinetic analysis of side-foot and instep soccer kicks. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 34(12), 2028-2036.

Nunome, H., Ikegami, Y., Kozakai, R., Apriantono, T., & Sano, S. (2006). Segmental dynamics of soccer instep kicking with the preferred and non-preferred leg. Journal of sports sciences, 24(05), 529-541.

Ozaki, H., & Aoki, K. (2008). Kinematic and electromyographic analysis of infront curve soccer kick. Football Science, 5, 26-36.

Paizis, C., Cometti, C., & Babault, N. (2010). Effects of an electrostimulation training program on strength, jumping, and kicking capacities in soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research,24(5), 1407-1413.

Reilly, T., Williams, A. M., Nevill, A., & Franks, A. (2000). A multidisciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer. Journal of sports sciences, 18(9), 695-702.

Shan, G., & Zhang, X. (2011). From 2D leg kinematics to 3D full-body biomechanics-the past, present and future of scientific analysis of maximal instep kick in soccer. Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology, 3(1), 23-34

Wong, P. L., Chamari, K., & Wisløff, U. (2010). Effects of 12-week on-field combined strength and power training on physical performance among U-14 young soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(3), 644-652.